Index » World War II Battles » The Rhine
The Rhine
This page contains general information about this battle, fought during the Second World War.
 War  World War II
 Theatre  North West Europe, 1944-45
 Campaign/Op  The Rhineland
 Date  Mar. 25-Apr. 1, 1945
 Force Size  -
 Casualties  ? killed, ? wounded
 Content Page  The Capitulation of Germany
 Gallantry Awards
Cpl. Frederick G. Topham - Victoria Cross
On 24th March, Topham, a medical orderly, parachuted with his battalion on to a strongly defended area east of the Rhine. Whilst treating casualties sustained in the drop, a cry for help came from a wounded man in the open. Two medical orderlies from a field ambulance went out to this man in succession, but both were killed as they knelt beside the casualty. Without hesitation and on his own initiative, Topham went forward through intense fire to replace the orderlies who had been killed before his eyes. As he worked on the wounded man he was himself shot through the nose. In spite of severe bleeding and intense pain, he never faltered in his task. Having completed immediate first aid, he carried the wounded man steadily and slowly back through continuous fire to the shelter of a wood. On his way back to his company he came across a carrier, which had received a direct hit. Enemy mortar bombs were still dropping around, the carrier itself was burning fiercely and its own mortar ammunition was exploding. An experienced officer on the spot had warned all not to approach the carrier. Corporal Topham, however, immediately went out alone in spite of the blasting ammunition and enemy fire, and rescued the three occupants of the carrier. He brought these men back across the open, and although one died almost immediately afterward, he arranged for the evacuation of the other two, who undoubtedly owe their lives to him.
 Battle Account
 Regiments  Killed   Wnd. 
 1st Canadian Parachute Battalion    
 17th Duke of York's Royal Canadian Hussars    
 The Sherbrooke Fusiliers Regiment    
 1st Canadian Armoured Carrier Regiment    
 The Queen's Own Rifles of Canada    
 The Black Watch of Canada    
 The Highland Light Infantry of Canada    
 The Cameron Highlanders of Ottawa    
 The Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry Highlanders    
 The North Shore Regiment    
 The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders of Canada    
 The Royal Winnipeg Rifles    
 The Regina Rifles    
 The Calgary Highlanders    
 The Canadian Scottish Regiment    
 The North Nova Scotia Highlanders    
 The South Saskatchewan Regiment    
 Les Fusiliers Mont-Royal    
 Le Régiment de la Chaudière